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John Mututwa

John Mututwa

Visiting Research Associate


John Mututwa is a Research Fellow at the Zambia Institute for Policy Analysis and Research (ZIPAR). He has over 7 years of professional experience in conducting evidence-based research and policy analysis to support the Zambian government in formulating sustainable socio-economic policies and programs. Over the years, John has been involved in several transport and infrastructure-related research and studies including conducting a Feasibility Study and Proposing Solutions for the Decongestion of Traffic in Lusaka City; Situation Analysis of the Aviation Industry in Zambia; understanding the State and Management of Railway Transport Systems in Zambia; and assessing the Institutional Preparedness for Urban Public Transport Reforms in Zambia; among others.


John’s research interest mainly lies in promoting efficient and integrated transport networks, conducting transport investment appraisals, and advocating for sustainable transport modes such as public transport and active transport modes like walking and cycling. Prior to his current position at CCI, John was also a part-time lecturer at the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA), in Zambia, where he taught Transport Planning and Fundamentals of Transport and Logistics Management to undergraduate students. John holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics from the University of Mouloud Mammeri, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria; and a Master of Science in Transport Economics from the Institute of Transport Studies (ITS), University of Leeds, England.



When Good Policy Meets Bad Politics Thumbnail

When Good Policy Meets Bad Politics: Property Rights, Land Amalgamation, and Urbanization in India

Indian cities are facing challenges due to their low-rise structures and sprawling slums that are projected to increase with the growth of urban populations in the future. To cope with this trend and take advantage of agglomeration externalities, India needs to adopt a more upward, pyramid-like approach with increased density. Although strengthening property rights has been suggested as a solution, India’s fragmented land ownership system makes this option difficult.

Previously, the Indian government used eminent domain to acquire and amalgamate land for industrial or infrastructural use, but this led to significant political opposition in the 2000s. As a result, the 2013 Land Acquisition Act was passed, which narrowed the circumstances under which land could be acquired, increased compensation payments, and extended those payments to non-owners who relied on the land for their livelihoods. While this approach has ensured political acquiescence among rural and slum dwellers, it has created a problem for private businesses that require land for property or industrial development, causing a significant time and cost burden.

This political reality, while necessary for a democratic India, may not be conducive to good economics and may lead to dysfunctional urbanization.

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CCI September Book Club

September Book Club Review

Each month, the CCI team selects a new book to read and discuss together. Our book club selections cover a wide range of topics that are relevant to charter cities, but they are most often related to development, urban issues, and governance. In this ongoing series, reviewers will offer summaries of the books we’ve read and share some of the highlights from our discussions.

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