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Joe Milligan

headshot Joe Milligan

Joe Milligan

Director of Development


Joe Milligan has nearly a decade of nonprofit fundraising experience where he previously focused on state-based think tanks and local public policy. Joe cofounded a locally focused think tank in Puerto Rico, where he spearheaded both the efforts to find seed funding to start the organization, as well as managing day to day operations. Since then, Joe worked to secure record levels of revenue for the Mackinac Center for Public Policy and helped lead the organization’s efforts to reach new donors and audiences. Joe now leads CCI’s fundraising and is passionate about sharing the mission of CCI with new donors and audiences around the world.


Joe resides in Detroit, Michigan with his wife and enjoys fly-fishing and doting over his nieces and nephews.



When Good Policy Meets Bad Politics Thumbnail

When Good Policy Meets Bad Politics: Property Rights, Land Amalgamation, and Urbanization in India

Indian cities are facing challenges due to their low-rise structures and sprawling slums that are projected to increase with the growth of urban populations in the future. To cope with this trend and take advantage of agglomeration externalities, India needs to adopt a more upward, pyramid-like approach with increased density. Although strengthening property rights has been suggested as a solution, India’s fragmented land ownership system makes this option difficult.

Previously, the Indian government used eminent domain to acquire and amalgamate land for industrial or infrastructural use, but this led to significant political opposition in the 2000s. As a result, the 2013 Land Acquisition Act was passed, which narrowed the circumstances under which land could be acquired, increased compensation payments, and extended those payments to non-owners who relied on the land for their livelihoods. While this approach has ensured political acquiescence among rural and slum dwellers, it has created a problem for private businesses that require land for property or industrial development, causing a significant time and cost burden.

This political reality, while necessary for a democratic India, may not be conducive to good economics and may lead to dysfunctional urbanization.

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CCI September Book Club

September Book Club Review

Each month, the CCI team selects a new book to read and discuss together. Our book club selections cover a wide range of topics that are relevant to charter cities, but they are most often related to development, urban issues, and governance. In this ongoing series, reviewers will offer summaries of the books we’ve read and share some of the highlights from our discussions.

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