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A Policy Evaluation of the 2018 and 2023 Zanzibar Investment Laws

This policy brief evaluates the evolution of Zanzibar’s investment laws from 2018 to 2023, focusing on their alignment with international best practices. The 2023 Act, replacing the 2018 Act, introduces clearer and more concise regulations, affirming the state’s role in supporting private-sector-led development. Key changes include enhanced autonomy for the Zanzibar Investment Promotion Authority (ZIPA), increased powers for investment evaluation and monitoring, and a controversial extension of tax incentives. The brief underscores the need for ZIPA to have both authority and autonomy and highlights areas for further research regarding the agency’s effectiveness and the impact of tax concessions.

To Beer Or Not To Beer? A Liquid History of Economic Development in Canada and Zambia

This paper explores the integral role of beer in the economic development and social fabric of Toronto, Canada, and Lusaka, Zambia. While a recent biography paints a negative picture of Toronto’s historical relationship with alcohol, this paper argues that beer has been a crucial driver of economic growth, tax revenue, and industrialization. Similarly, the study highlights the absence of brewing incentives in Zambia’s Lusaka South Multi-Facility Economic Zone, advocating for the recognition of beer’s developmental impact. The findings underscore the importance of local craft breweries in shaping Toronto and Lusaka’s contemporary identities and livability.